Standard Schnauzer


A medium sized Standard Schnauzer
Standard Schnauzer Quick Summary
Also Known As
Height (at withers)17-20in (43-51cm)
Weight35-50lbs (16-23kg)
Hair Colour(s)Black, white
Lifespan12-15 years
Energy LevelMedium
Litter size3-5
Barking TendencyMedium
Exercise requirementsLow
Ease of trainingHigh
Suitability for kidsMedium
Animal compatabilityMedium
Aggression levelsLow
Distress if leftMedium

The Standard Schnauzer is a small dog with a sturdy and square build. The body has a deep and broad chest, a strong and straight top-line that is higher at the front, very straight and rigid front legs and a small, docked upright tail. The long head has a prominent muzzle, forward folding or cropped upright angular ears, dark elliptical eyes, a dark nose, and a characteristic bushy beard, moustache and eyebrows. The coat is harsh and wiry, and the colouring tends to be black, white, a salt and pepper combination, or black and silver.


Standard Schnauzers are sociable and friendly dogs with pleasant and playful dispositions. Loyal, devoted, and affectionate, they make excellent companions and family pets, although excessive barking can sometimes be a problem. Curious and lively, they love play and attention, and like with many other breeds, early socialisation is a good idea to help to develop stable and confident attitudes. Although considered terrier-type dogs, they do not have typically terrier temperaments and are generally calmer and less energetic. And although these dogs can can be a little stubborn and headstrong at times, they are intelligent, quick to learn and eager to please, which generally makes them easy to train and housebreak. For this reason they are suitable for both novice and experienced dog owners. Standard Schnauzers get along well with children they are raised with and also with other pets, although they can be bossy with other dogs and so will require early socialisation. Their reaction to strangers can vary from friendly to reserved, depending upon the personality of the individual dog. And although this breed can bark excessively, they will raise the alarm if something seems amiss, which makes them effective watchdogs.

History & Skills

Standard Schnauzers originate from Germany, and dating back to the 15th century are the oldest of the three Schnauzer breeds (the other two being Miniature and Giant Schnauzers). Their name comes from the word schnauze, which is the German term for muzzle, and were likely born from crossing the black German Poodle and the gray wolf spitz upon wirehaired Pinscher stock. Initially used as rat catchers and to guard carts, these days they make popular companions and family pets, and perform well as watch dogs.

Breed Specific Ailments

Standard Schnauzers tend to live between 12-15 years and tend to be healthy. Some of the health concerns noted in this breed include vWD, liver problems, cataracts, thyroid problems, inflammation of the pancreas, epilepsy, allergies, and skin problems. These dogs are also prone to gaining weight.


Standard Schnauzers are low shedders when groomed properly, and so are suitable for allergy sufferers. Their grooming requirements are not too high, and the thick coat should be brushed twice a week to prevent matting, and any knots will need clipping out. For show dogs, the dead coat will need stripping out every three months or so, while standard clipping is fine for pets. The facial beard should be cleaned on a daily basis, and hair around the bottom area should be kept trimmed, both for hygiene reasons.

Exercise & Environment

Standard Schnauzers are pretty flexible in that they tend to live indoors but can also live outdoors in moderate to warm climates. They are moderately active while indoors and can even do without an outside area, as long as they are given a daily walk.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

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