Pembroke Welsh Corgi


A small to medium sized Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Quick Summary
Also Known As
Height (at withers)10-12in (25-30.5cm)
Weight25-30lbs (11-14kg)
Hair Colour(s)Varies
Lifespan12-15 years
Energy LevelMedium
Litter size6-8
Barking TendencyHigh
Exercise requirementsMedium
Ease of trainingHigh
Suitability for kidsMedium
Animal compatabilityMedium
Aggression levelsLow
Distress if leftMedium

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is small-medium sized dog with a low and sturdy build. The long body is low to the ground with a deep chest that hangs low between the short front legs, and the tail is very short. The wide head has a fox-like face with big upright ears and brown, oval shaped eyes. The water-resistant coat is straight and smooth with a dense undercoat, and the colouring varies but tends to include sable, red, white and tan.


Pembroke Welsh Corgis are loving and affectionate dogs that make loyal and dependable companions and family pets. While generally active and outgoing, they must be given proper socialisation early on in order to temper their over-protective natures. Some Corgis can tend to bark excessively too. These dogs thrive on love and companionship and need plenty of attention, as neglecting them can lead to boredom and destructive behaviour. They are intelligent, eager to please and quick to learn, and are quite popular for their obedience as they are easy to train. As a result, they are well suited to novice owners as well as the more experienced, although owners will need to exercise some assertiveness because these dogs can be independent and strong minded. Pembroke Welsh Corgis will get along well with older, more considerate children and also with other pets, although they are likely to chase away unfamiliar cats and dogs. Around strangers they tend to be very suspicious, but they will often be polite and dignified around guests. However, thanks to their herding instincts some may try to herd people and animals by nipping at their heels, but this behaviour can be corrected with training. These dogs are very alert and will bark to raise the alarm if anything seems amiss, which makes them effective watchdogs.

History & Skills

Pembroke Welsh Corgis originate from Wales, where they were bred as herding dogs. They were trained to nip at the heels of cattle to drive them to grazing areas, and their low bodies allowed them to run underneath them while avoiding getting hit by hooves. Thought to have been brought to Wales by Flemish weavers in the 1100s, they are likely to be a member of the Spitz family and are a separate breed from the the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, which is thought to have evolved from the Dachshund or Tekel class. While Cardigans were used in the hills and mountains around the town of Cardigan, Pembroke Welsh Corgis were used by farmers in the flat lands and fields around the town of Pembroke. And with mountains separating the two towns, it is unlikely that the two breeds ever came together until improvements in transportation arrived much later. Today these dogs make good family pets as well as watchdogs.

Breed Specific Ailments

Pembroke Welsh Corgis tend to live between 12-15 years, and some of the health problems noted in this breed include PRA, VWD, spinal problems, lens luxation, retinal problems, hip dysplasia and epilepsy. Excessive jumping, poor handling or excessive weight gain can all add to the risk of spinal problems for this breed.


Pembroke Welsh Corgis are medium shedders that also shed more heavily on a seasonal basis, and so they are not best suited to those suffering from allergies. The coat will need brushing once a week to remove dead hair, and this may need increasing to daily during the heavier shedding periods. They can be bathed as and when required.

Exercise & Environment

Pembroke Welsh Corgis can live in or outdoors and are suitable for small homes such as apartments as long as they given plenty of exercise. However, they will prefer sharing space inside with a family. A short daily walk and access to a secure outside area for play should meet this breed's exercise requirements.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

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