Miniature Pinscher


A small dark Miniature Pinscher
Miniature Pinscher Quick Summary
Also Known As
Height (at withers)10-12in (25-30cm)
Weight8-10lbs (3.5-4.5kg)
Hair Colour(s)Black, tan
Lifespan13-15 years
Energy LevelHigh
Litter size2-4
Barking TendencyMedium
Exercise requirementsHigh
Ease of trainingLow
Suitability for kidsMedium
Animal compatabilityLow
Aggression levelsMedium
Distress if leftMedium

The Miniature Pinscher is a small but sturdy, athletic dog. The body is lean and compact with an evenly proportioned build, straight forelegs, and the tail is normally docked. The head has a sturdy muzzle, dark elliptical eyes and the ears can be folded orerect and cropped. The coat is short and sleek, and the colouring tends to be black, tan, or chocolate.


Miniature Pinschers are energetic, enthusiastic and fun-loving dogs. Alert, couragous and vibrant, these spirited dogs make good companions and family pets, especially for active people, and need plenty of exercise and attention. Despite their small statures, they are often very bold, observant and inquisitive dogs, and they can be territorial and dominant with a tendency towards excessive barking. They require early socialisation, and despite being intelligent and quick to learn, can be difficult to control, train and housebreak, and so are best suited to those with some experience of dog ownership and training rather than novices. Miniature Pinschers are only suited to older, more considerate children because they do not like any rough handling, and they can be dominant over other pets and may chase smaller animals. They are normally wary and unfriendly around strangers, and they will bark to raise the alarm, which makes them effective watchdogs.

History & Skills

Miniature Pinschers originate from Germany, where they were bred for hunting rats and vermin in stables, as well as keeping guard. A terrier breed, they became a popular show dogs in Germany prior to the First World War, and these days they make popular companion and watchdogs.

Breed Specific Ailments

Miniature Pinschers tend to live between 13-15 years and are a relatively healthy and robust breed. Some of the health problems to look out for include luxating patella, Legg Perthes, skin problems, cataracts, and PRA.


Miniature Pinschers are low shedders, and so are suitable for those with allergy problems. They require minimal grooming too, with an occasional brushing and wipe over with a damp cloth normally being enough to keep the coat sleek and shiny and in good condition. They can be bather when required too.

Exercise & Environment

Miniature Pinschers tend to live indoors and are suitable for small homes. They are not suited to cold climates, and whilst active indoors, they will need access to an outside area for play and exercise. These areas must be secure, as these dogs are good climbers and can escape easily.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

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