Mexican Hairless Dog


A small Mexican Hairless Dog
Mexican Hairless Dog Quick Summary
Also Known AsXolo
Height (at withers)Varies
Hair Colour(s)Varies
Lifespan12-15 years
Energy LevelMedium
Litter size2-4
Barking TendencyHigh
Exercise requirementsMedium
Ease of trainingMedium
Suitability for kidsMedium
Animal compatabilityMedium
Aggression levelsLow
Distress if leftHigh

The Mexican Hairless Dog, also know as Xoloitzcuintli or Xoloitzcuintle, is a rare and often hairless dog. It generally comes in three varieties: Toy, Miniature and Standard. The Toy variety is small in size, between 10-13in (25-33cm) in height and around 12lbs (5.5kg) in weight. The Miniature version is 13-18in (33-46cm) in height and about 25lbs (11kg) in weight. The Standard variety is 18-24in (46-61cm) in height and 45lbs (10kg) in weight. The body is sleek and rectangular in shape, with a level topline, straight legs and arched loins. The tapering head has large bat-like ears, almond-shaped eyes and a long muzzle. The breed also comes in two further varieties, hairless and coated, with the hairless being most common. Both varieties come in a wide range of colours, with the most common being shades of black, blue and red.


Mexican Hairless Dogs are attentive and affectionate dogs with calm and quiet demeanors (although puppies can be quite unruly). They make fine companions and family pets but require extensive socialisation and obedience training from the age of about eight weeks to a year to temper some of their more primitive traits, such as predatory behaviour and barking. They also do not like being left alone, which will often lead to destructive behaviour such as chewing. These dogs are intelligent but can be headstrong and difficult to housebreak, but are still suitable for both novice and experienced dog owners. Mexican Hairless Dogs are suitable for older, more considerate children, and get along fine with other pets when socialised early. However, they may tend to chase smaller animals. They are generally wary of strangers and make good watch dogs, as they are natural guardians that will not back down in a fight.

History & Skills

Mexican Hairless Dogs originate from Mexico, where they are the national dog, and have a history dating back some 3000 years. The indigenous peoples of Central and South America kept these dogs as home and hunting companions, and they were considered scared by the Aztecs, the Toltecs and the Mayans. These days they are still popular in Mexico as companion dogs but are relatively rare.

Breed Specific Ailments

Mexican Hairless Dogs tend to live between 12-15 years and are a fairly healthy breed because their breeding has followed natural selection for thousands of years, rather than by inbreeding by humans. They have a natural resistance to fleas, ticks and many common illnesses, but have been known to suffer severe reactions to medications. They are also susceptible to the cold as they are often hairless. They typically have incomplete teeth.


Mexican Hairless Dogs are virtually hairless and therefore do not shed, which means they are ideal for those suffering from allergies. They will need occasional bathing and attention to skin care.

Exercise & Environment

Mexican Hairless Dogs tend to live indoors, and although quite hardy despite their lack of hair, are certainly are not suited to outdoor life in temperate and northern climates. They will need a daily walk and access to a yard or garden for play. These areas must be secure because these dogs are escape artists, and they will climb and jump fences in order to chase small animals. These dogs are often quoted as being vegetarians but owners will tell you they love eating meat.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)

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