A large sized Leonberger
Leonberger Quick Summary
Also Known As
Height (at withers)27-31in (68.5-79cm)
Weight100-170lbs (45-77kg)
Hair Colour(s)
Lifespan8-10 years
Energy LevelMedium
Litter size6-14
Barking TendencyLow
Exercise requirementsLow
Ease of trainingMedium
Suitability for kidsMedium
Animal compatabilityHigh
Aggression levelsLow
Distress if leftMedium

The Leonberger is a large and muscular dog. The body is well boned with a broad chest, a strong and level topline, straight and muscular legs and a low-set, long bushy tail. The broad head has a strong, square muzzle with a black mask, dark eyes and ears that hang close to the sides of the head. The water-resistant double coat consists of a soft and dense undercoat and a straight, close fitting outercoat. The colouring varies but tends to be reddish-brown or sandy.


Leonbergers are sweet-natured dogs and are very affectionate towards most poeple. These gentle giants are agile for their size, and are known for their well-balanced temperaments. For example, during any periods of conflict or disharmony in a household, they tend to walk away from trouble rather than joining in the fray. Brave and intelligent, Leonbergers respond well to positive training methods but are more suited to experienced dog owners because of their size. Having incredible patience and friendly personalities, these dogs get along well with older, more considerate children. However, simnly due to their imposing size, they may not be suitable for smaller kids. They will get along with other dogs. Although they may be friendly around strangers, they still make good watchdogs.

History & Skills

Leonbergers originate from Germany, in particular the city of Leonberg, from where they take their name. Developed in the 1800s in an attempt to resemble Leonberg's town crest lion, these days they are often used for search and rescue. They almost became extinct during the two World Wars and are still relatively rare.

Breed Specific Ailments

Leonbergers tend to live between 8-10 years and are a pretty hardy and healthy breed. Some of the health concerns that have been noted in the breed include hip dysplasia, eyelid defects and bone disease.


Leonbergers are medium shedders that also shed more heavily on a seasopnal basis, and so are not suitable for those suffering with allergies. Their grooming requirements are pretty reasonable, and their coat will need brushing weekly, stepping up to daily during periods of heavier shedding.

Exercise & Environment

Leonbergers can live indoors or outdoors, even in coller climates, but are not suitable for smaller homes such as flats or apartments. Their exercise requirements are not demanding but they will need a daily walk and preferably an outside area in which to play. These dogs also love to swim.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)

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