Hungarian Pumi


A small to medium sized Hungarian Pumi
Hungarian Pumi Quick Summary
Also Known As
Size Small-medium
Height (at withers)13-19in (33-48cm)
Weight18-33lbs (8-15kg)
Hair Colour(s)Grey
Lifespan12-14 years
Energy LevelHigh
Litter size7-8
Barking TendencyHigh
Exercise requirementsHigh
Ease of trainingHigh
Suitability for kids
Animal compatabilityMedium
Aggression levels
Distress if leftLow

The Hungarian Pumi is a light-boned and square set dog. The body is deep chested with flat ribs, and the tail has a distinctive curl and is usually carried high. The head is long and narrow with a distinctive long muzzle, small dark eyes and upright hairy ears tipped forward. The thick coat is medium in length and curly, making the dog appear larger than it actually is, and the colouring tends to be solid grey, although pups are born black.


Hungarian Pumis are lively, alert and energetic multi-functional dogs. Working dogs at heart, they are also cheerful and affectionate around their owners and make good family dogs and companions. They are intelligent and learn very quickly and so are not difficult to train, although owners do need to show dominance and authority over them. For this reason they are best suited to experienced dog owners rather than first timers. Hungarian Pumis are used to being around livestock but need to be correctly socialised around smaller pets and other dogs, and are fine with older, more considerate kids when correctly socialised here also. While they are shy and reserved around strangers, they are very protective over their families and make good guard dogs, ready to spring at the slightest noise. However they bark very easily too, with the breed standard mentioning they are "unable to keep quiet". While this makes them great watchdgos, they need to be made to understand that constant barking is not acceptable.

History & Skills

Hungarian Pumis originate from Hungary and were bred in the 1700s by crossing Pulis with German and French sheepdogs. Also know as Hungarian Terriers, this probably refers to their terrier-like attributes such as quickness of movement and alertness etc, as there is no terrier blood in this breed. Orignally bred for driving cattle, sheep, goats and swine, these multi-function dogs soon were also noted for their skills in controlling vermin and guarding owners farms. A seperate breed to the other two hungarian herding dogs, the Puli and the Mudi, the Pumi is perhaps less well known because of its rustic appearance and is not common outside its own country. It is still used on farms for its original purpose, using its bark and quickness of movement (and the odd nip) to drive cattle, as well as for other purposes such as agility, obedience and search and rescue.

Breed Specific Ailments

Hungarian Pumis tend to live between 12 to 14 years, although some have been recorded living for another 5 years on top of this. Some of the health problems noted in this breed includes patella luxation and hip dysplasia.


Hungarian Pumis are low shedders and so may be suited to those suffering with allergies. Their grooming requirements are low too as the braided coat is not prone to matting (when kept trimmed). The coat will need brushing occasionally and trimming every 2 to 4 months, and the ears should be kept clear of excess hair.

Exercise & Environment

Hungarian Pumis tend to live outdoors and are not suitable for small homes. These are outdoor dogs at heart, absolutely ideal for farms, and they need a lot of exercise and preferably a job to do. Often they will find work for themselves when kept like this, such as guarding entrances and keeping an eye on livestock. When kept as pets they must be exercised to compensate, with a good daily walk and the chance to play being preferable. Any outside areas and gardens must be secure as this breed has a tendency to wander.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

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