Golden Retriever


A medium to large sized Golden Retriever
Golden Retriever Quick Summary
Also Known AsYellow Retriever
OriginGreat Britain
Height (at withers)21-24in (53-61cm)
Weight55-75lbs (25-34kg)
Hair Colour(s)Gold shades
Lifespan10-14 years
Energy LevelMedium
Litter size6-10
Barking TendencyMedium
Exercise requirements
Ease of trainingHigh
Suitability for kidsHigh
Animal compatabilityHigh
Aggression levelsLow
Distress if leftMedium

The Golden Retriever is a powerful and robust looking dog with a sweet face. The body is sturdy with a level topline, straight and substantial front legs, broad hindquarters and a straight tail. The broad head has a straight muzzle, medium-length drooping ears and dark eyes. The coat is dense and soft and can be flat or wavy with feathering, and comes with a waterproof undercoat. The colouring is generally a variety of shades gold or cream.


Golden Retrievers are gentle, trusting, even-tempered and loving dogs and are very popular as companions and family pets due to their ease of handling and their exceptional tolerance. These loyal, devoted and mild-mannered animals love giving and receiving attention and have generous playful streaks, and so they are not suitable for people that cannot commit much time to their pets. They have a tendency to chew and so should be provided with the appropriate toys to prevent any unecessary destruction of property. Suitable for both novice and experiened owners, they are highly intelligent with responsive natures and are relatively easy to train, as they learn quickly and are always eager to please. Golden Retrievers are very sociable dogs and get along well with children and other pets, and also with strangers, which means they don't make very effective watchdogs.

History & Skills

Golden Retrievers originate from Great Britain and are a relatively modern breed. Developed in Scotland and England in the late 1800s, they are thought to be descended from a mix of Tweed Water Spaniels and a yellow coloured dog. Golden Retrievers were bred as water retrievers to use while hunting wild fowl. Famous for their scenting abilities, these dogs have been used for narcotic detection, but being versatile, they have also been put to good use as guide dogs for the blind, show dogs, field dogs, obedience competitors, tracking dogs, and not least of all, they are a very popular family pet.

Breed Specific Ailments

Golden Retrievers tend to live between 10-14 years, and some of the health concerns related to this breed include hip and elbow dysplasia, cataracts, entropion, allergies, thyroid problems, cancer, epilepsy, OCD, and vWD. Care must be taken not to overfeed these dogs as they love to eat.


Golden Retrievers are both heavy and seasonal shedders and so are not suitable for those suffering from allergies. Their grooming requirements are moderate though, and the coat will need brushing twice a week - more during periods of heavier shedding. The hair around the ears and between the pads of the feet can be trimmed once a month, as well as any other stray hairs. The hair around the bottom area will also need to be kept trimmed for hygiene reasons, and the ears should be kept clean and dry to reduce the risk of any infections.

Exercise & Environment

Golden Retrievers love people and so will not thrive being alone in kennel environments. These dogs are suitable for both urban and rural setting, and they also love the water. Being active and energetic, they require moderate regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. A daily walk is essential, and the chance run freely and to swim will be greatly appreciated. These dogs love to eat, and so owners must take care regarding how much they are fed to prevent obesity.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

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