German Pinscher


A small to medium sized German Pinscher
German Pinscher Quick Summary
Also Known As
Height (at withers)17-20in (43-51cm)
Weight25-35lbs (11-16kg)
Hair Colour(s)Varies
Lifespan12-14 years
Energy LevelHigh
Litter size
Barking TendencyHigh
Exercise requirements
Ease of training
Suitability for kidsLow
Animal compatabilityLow
Aggression levels
Distress if left

The German Pinscher is a medium sized dog with a sturdy and athletic build. The body is powerful with a straight back and strong legs. The head has a long muzzle with a blunt and black nose, and erect ears when cropped or folded when uncropped. The tail is customarily docked. The coat is thick and smooth, and the colouring varies and includes red fawn, black, tan, and brown with yellow markings.


German Pinschers are bold, loyal and playful dogs blessed with good natures. They have bags of energy and love taking part in activities with a family such as play and exercise. Thanks to their high levels of intelligence and their quick-learning abilities, these dogs are relatively easy to train. However, this can be hampered by their strong willed and even manipulative streaks, and so they are best suited to more experienced dog owners as confidence and assertiveness are required. German Pinchers are not terribly good with children or others dogs, although early socialisation may help, and they can be very dominant towards other dogs. Normally they get along well with other household pets, although care is required around around cats and smaller animals that tend to run, as these dogs have high preys drives and will give chase. As they are protective dogs by nature, and very territorial, they are wary around strangers. Combined with their alertness, this makes them effective watchdogs. They also have a tendency to bark a lot, and they can be very possessive towards their belongings.

History & Skills

German Pinschers originate from Germany, as their name suggests, and are the common ancestors of many other Pinscher dogs. Descending from the ancient German Bibarhund, they were developed in the 1600s by crossing Tanners and Black and Tan Terriers, and became skilled ratters. These dogs almost became extinct following World War Two, before the breed was saved.

Breed Specific Ailments

German Pinschers tend to live between 12-14 years and are a healthy and robust breed with relatively few health problems. Some of the health issues that have been noted include hip dysplasia and eye problems.


German Pinschers are low shedders, making them ideal for allergy sufferers. Their grooming requirements are not excessive either, with only an occasional brushing of the coat needed to keep it in good condition and to remove dead hair.

Exercise & Environment

German Pinschers tend to live indoors but are high energy dogs and so require a lot of exercise. They will need daily long walks on the lead plus access to a yard or garden for free play, which must be secure as they will chase anything that moves quickly. These dogs make good exercise companions.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

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