French Bulldog


A small to medium sized French Bulldog
French Bulldog Quick Summary
Also Known AsFrenchies
Height (at withers)11-14in (28-35.5cm)
Weight19-28lbs (9-13kg)
Hair Colour(s)Brindle, fawn
Lifespan10-14 years
Energy LevelMedium
Litter size2-5
Barking TendencyLow
Exercise requirementsLow
Ease of trainingHigh
Suitability for kidsMedium
Animal compatabilityMedium
Aggression levelsLow
Distress if leftHigh

The French Bulldog is a small-medium, compact but chunky dog with wide shoulders that give the body a pear shape. The head is flat and square with a rounded forehead, a short muzzle, a pug-like nose, large bat-like ears and a down-turned mouth. The tail can either be cork-screwed or straight and the skin to the body tends to be quite loose. The coat is short and smooth, and the colouring includes brindle, fawn and pied.


French Bulldogs are cheerful, affectionate and playful dogs with exceptionally good natures. While most will be friendly towards everyone, they often tend to bond more closely with one person and so make great companions, which is what they are primarily bred for. However, they can become overly possessive and will need a lot of attention. These intelligent dogs have a mischievous streak with a clown like attitude, and are often quite headstrong, but they are highly trainable and eager to please and tend to housebreak quickly. However, firm and consistent but considerate direction may be required from time to time to keep them in their place, as these are small dogs with large personalities. Despite this, their obedient natures mean they are well suited to novice owners as well as the more experienced. French Bulldogs are good with children and are also compatible with other pets, although they may try to hunt small animals such as rodents, and some males can be quite aggressive. They make good watchdogs and will warn when strangers approach, depite not being yappy dogs, and will often defend their property and owners. These dogs are not trouble makers by nature but they will not back down when challenged.

History & Skills

French Bulldogs origins are a subject of some debate. Some believe they descended from the Chincha Bulldog, which lived in ancient Peru, but the most commonly held stance is that they originated from the English miniature or toy Bulldog brought to France by Nottingham lace workers during the industrial revolution. Developed to be a miniature version of the English Bulldog in the 1860s, the breed is a mixture of small English Bulldogs and French terriers, although the new name created uproar initially in England because the Bulldogs were originally an English breed. A persistent hunter of mice, these days they make great family pets and are good with children.

Breed Specific Ailments

French Bulldogs tend to live between 10-14 years and are generally a healthy breed. Some of the common health problems noted include spinal abnormalities, elongated soft palate and narrow airways that can cause breathing difficulties, and allergies and skins problems. Older dogs can be susceptible to eye ulcers. Potentially the most life threatening situation for these dogs would be to be left unattended in cars or separated from owners, as the combination of stress and heat can prove fatal. Also puppies are often delivered by caesarian section because of their large heads.


French Bulldogs are low, seasonal shedders that require minimal grooming, and are suitable for allergy sufferes. Their short coat wil need only occasional brushing to keep it looking good, and a daily rub down with a rough cloth is a good idea too. As the ears and facial wrinkles are susceptible to dirt and dust, these should be cleaned regularly along with the area beneath the tail. The ears should be kept dry for hygiene reasons and to avoid infections, and the teeth and nails should be tended to regularly.

Exercise & Environment

French Bulldogs tend to live indoors and are suitable for small homes, such as aparatments. They prefer cooler climates because they are sensitive to extreme heat and wll be relatively active when indoors. Daily play and a short walk will meet most of their exercise needs, in other words short bursts of activity interspersed with longer periods of rest, but they should not be exercised in hot weather as this can lead to heat stroke. French Bulldogs cannot swim and so great care is needed near water.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

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