Finnish Spitz


A small to medium sized Finnish Spitz
Finnish Spitz Quick Summary
Also Known As
Height (at withers)15-20in (38-51cm)
Weight20-33lbs (9-15kg)
Hair Colour(s)Varies
Lifespan12-15 years
Energy LevelMedium
Litter size3-6
Barking TendencyHigh
Exercise requirementsMedium
Ease of trainingMedium
Suitability for kidsMedium
Animal compatabilityMedium
Aggression levelsHigh
Distress if leftMedium

The Finnish Spitz is a medium sized fox-like dog with a sturdy build. The body is square and the head has a pointed muzzle, a black nose and lips, forward pointed ears and dark almond shaped eyes. The tail is curled across the back. The coat is short and close on the head, and longer on the body. The hair along the back and neck stands semi-erect, making the Finnish Spitz look as though he is permanently on guard. The colouring of the coat comes in various shades of golden red, and has a harsh texture with a dense, softer undercoat.


Finnish Spitzes are strong minded and lively dogs, and although very independent and often aloof, they can also be very loyal and devoted to their families. They often bond with a particular person, but in general love the companionship of people and enjoy being part of a family. These dogs are intelligent and quick to learn, which can make training easier, but this can often be offset by their independence and willful streaks, which means that assertiveness and confidence is needed by owners. In addition they bore easily, and so any training should be short and specific. Despite this, they are suitable for both novice and inexperienced dog owners alike. Finnish Spitzes love to play and exercise, and physical and mental stimulation are essential in order to avoid boredom and associated destructive behavior. They are known to bark and so require obedience training in order to curb this, and they should be socialised early on to reduce aggression and independance levels. They get along well with children and most other pets, although they can be aggressive towards same sex dogs and may chase smaller creatures such as rodents and birds. Their aloof personalities mean they tend to be reserved and even aggressive around strangers.

History & Skills

Finnish Spitzes originate from Finland, where they were bred to hunt game birds such as grouse. Introduced into the country some 2000 years ago by hunters from the Volga River area of central Russia, they made good hunting partners and would signal the location of the birds through barking. The breed also became adept at tracking moose, elk and squirrels. These days they make good family dogs and are now the National dog of Finland.

Breed Specific Ailments

Finnish Spitzes tend to live between 12-15 years and are a relatively hardy breed with few healthy problems. However, some of the health concerns to look out for include cataracts, hip and elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation and epilepsy.


Finnish Spitzes are medium shedders but can also be high seasonal shedders, and so are not suitable for allergy sufferers. However, their grooming requirements are relatively low. The coat should be brushed one a week to remove dead hair, and more frequently during periods of heavier shedding. As with other Arctic dogs, these dogs have self-cleaning coats that do not require regular bathing.

Exercise & Environment

Finnish Spitzes prefer cooler climates, and as they can adapt to small living spaces, they are suitable for small homes such as apartments. While they are relatively inactive indoors, they are generally an active breed and so they need a daily walk and access to a yard or garden. These dogs make excellent jogging and exercise companions.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

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