A small to medium sized Dachsund
Dachsund Quick Summary
Also Known AsSausage Dog
Height (at withers)Varies
Hair Colour(s)Varies
Lifespan12-15 years
Energy LevelLow
Litter size3-4
Barking Tendency
Exercise requirementsLow
Ease of trainingHigh
Suitability for kidsMedium
Animal compatabilityMedium
Aggression levelsVaries
Distress if leftMedium

The Dachshund is a muscular and sturdily-built dog. It has a low, elongated body that is close to the ground, and is often called the sausage dog. The Dachshund comes in two sizes: the miniature version is small at 5in (13cm) tall and weighs between 7-11lbs (3-5kg), and the standard version is small-medium at 8-10in (20-25cm) tall and weighs between 20-28lbs (9-13kg). This dog also comes in three further varieties: the longhaired, the smooth haired and the wire haired variety. As a result, the coat varies depending upon the variety of dog: the long haired variety has a soft, longer, and sometimes slightly wavy coat; the smooth haired variety has a short and thick smooth coat; and the wire haired has a short and harsh wiry coat. The colouring varies too and includes black and tan, blue, chocolate, red, cream, and brindle.


Dachshunds are lively, good-natured dogs with great senses of humour, and can be very entertaining and cheerful to have around. Intelligent and sociable, they make loyal and devoted pets and need plenty of love and attention. Dachshunds are adaptable and quick to learn, eager to please and responsive, which makes training relatively straightforward. For this reason these dogs are suitable for both inexperienced and experienced dog owners alike. They get along well with older, more considerate children, as they are sensitive and do not like to be teased or handled roughly. In addition, their backs can be prone to injury through too much rough play and jumping around. These dogs love to be around others dogs of the same breed, and with early socialisation they should get along well enough with other pets too. Their reactions around strangers can vary depending upon their personality: some will be fine, while others may be aloof. Dachshunds can be very possessive when it comes to their food and belongings, and their sharp bark makes them effective watchdogs. The longhaired variety often have gentler natures than the others, and are less standoffish with strangers. These dogs love to dig, something that should be considered if owners are particulalry proud of their gardens.

History & Skills

Dachshunds originate from Germany and were originally bred to hunt badgers, and Dachshund translates as Badger Dog. One of Germany's oldest hunting dog breeds, they were originally larger than modern Dachsunds but were bred to be smaller towards the end of the 1800s. Their smaller size and short legs then enabled them to dig foxes, badgers, hares and rabbits out of their dens.

Breed Specific Ailments

Dachshunds tend to live between 12-15 years and have a number of health problems linked to them, including cataracts, diabetes, epilepsy, spinal problems, luxating patella, PRA, elbow dysplasia, and obesity.


As Dachshunds come in three varieties long haired, smooth haired and wire haired), the grooming requirements can vary. The smooth haired variety only needs occasional brushing to keep the coat in good condition, whereas the long and wire haired varieties will need brushing twice a week. The long haired variety will need occasional trimming, and the wire haired will need the coat stripping every few months for showdogs. The wirehaired variety is a low shedde, but the long haired and smooth haired varieties are both medium shedders and therefore may not be suitable for those with allergies.

Exercise & Environment

Dachshunds tend to live indoors and are very lively, but they do not actually need too much exercise. A daily play session or a short walk is usually enough because they tend to get tired very easily. Daschunds manage fine without a yard or garden and so are suitable for small homes such as apartment flats.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

Breed Clubs

Coming soon!

Owners Gallery

Pretty empy right now. If you would like to see you dog here please email a photo to BFD Photos along with your name, your dog's name & age, breed and rough location (please keep image file sizes reasonable!).