Canaan Dog


A medium sized Canaan Dog
Canaan Dog Quick Summary
Also Known AsKelef K'naani
Height (at withers)19-24in (48-61cm)
Weight35-55lbs (16-25kg)
Hair Colour(s)Varies
Lifespan12-15 years
Energy LevelHigh
Litter size4-6
Barking TendencyMedium
Exercise requirementsHigh
Ease of trainingMedium
Suitability for kidsMedium
Animal compatabilityMedium
Aggression levelsMedium
Distress if leftLow

The Canaan Dog has a sturdy yet sleek build with a wedge-shaped head. The ears are erect and add to the alert appearance. The coat is straight and harsh, and can be medium to long in length, and has a close fitting undercoat. The colouring can vary and includes white or black, harlequin, and sandy, cream, reddish brown and black.


Canaan Dogs are loyal and affectionate creatures and always eager to please. These are intelligent dogs that can be quite manipulative and strong willed at times, and so they are best suited to those experienced in dog ownership and training. Their high intelligence means they need to be kept mentally stimulated, otherwise boredom can lead to destructive behaviour They respond well to positive and motivational training, but will bore with overly repetitive training. Canaan Dogs get along well with children they have been raised with, but they can be aggressive with other dogs and may chase smaller animals or pets. Despite this, they can get along fine with pets if they have been raised with them. They are wary with strangers and have a territorial streak, and this combined with their protective natures, observation skills and keen senses, make them an effective watchdog. These dogs will certainly barkf if they senses any threat or danger.

History & Skills

Canaan Dogs originate from Israel and may have been around for millenia. They were used to guard and herd ancient Israelites' flocks, but when the Israelites dispersed, so did the dogs. Only the strongest and more intelligent survived the harsh desert environments, and the Bedouin tribes also helped by adopting some of them to guard their camps and herds. During the 1930s, guard dogs were required by isolated settlements in Israel, and Canaan Dogs were the ideal choice. They were semi-feral and could take the harsh conditions. These days these dogs are still used by Bedouin and also the Israeli army for guard and patrol work, ane this breed is the National Dog of Israel and is now protected, with very few wild Canaan Dogs left in existence.

Breed Specific Ailments

Canaan Dogs tend to live between 12-15 years and are a very healthy breed compared to many, which is due to them being a natural breed, with breeders in Israel still introducing wild born dogs into the gene pool. However, some of the health problems noticed includes thyroid problems and seizures.


Canaan Dogs are low maintenance when it comes to grooming, and brushing the coat once a week should keep it in good condition. They are seasonal sheeders too, and grooming may need increasing during these times.

Exercise & Environment

Canaan Dogs are highly energetic and intelligent, and so they need a lot of physical and mental exercise. This can include long daily walks or jogs, herding exercises, strenuous games, and any demanding tasks along with challenging training sessions.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

Breed Clubs

Coming soon!

Owners Gallery

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