A large sized dark Beauceron
Beauceron Quick Summary
Also Known AsBas Rouge
Height (at withers)25-28in (64-71cm)
Weight70-110lbs (32-50kg)
Hair Colour(s)Varies
Lifespan10-13 years
Energy LevelHigh
Litter size6
Barking TendencyMedium
Exercise requirementsHigh
Ease of trainingMedium
Suitability for kidsLow
Animal compatabilityLow
Aggression levelsHigh
Distress if leftHigh

The Beauceron is a very powerful and well-built dog. The neck is muscular and the powerful body has a straight topline, a broad chest and deep, well-sprung ribs. The legs are muscular and straight, the feet are strong and rounded with hard pads and double dew claws on the hind legs, and the tail is carried low and is slightly feathered. The head is long and flat with a slight furrow between the eyes, and the eyes themselves are dark ovals with a direct and fearless stare. The ears are quite long and drop, although sometimes these are cropped, and the muzzle is in equal length to the skull. This is a strong dog, and even the Doberman is hard pressed to match its physique and jaw strength. The coat is short but thick with slight fringing at the rear and has a dense undercoat. Colouring includes tan and black, and a Harlequin of black, grey and tan.


Beaucerons are couragous and assertive dogs and can be extremely challenging to own. These are one-person and one-family dogs and will not adapt to changing hands or accept new ownership. For this reason they are only suitable for very experienced dog owners, and owners with a natural authority and dominant personality. As puppies, Beaucerons constantly test their owners and will often stare, waiting to detect any signs of fear or weakness or indecision. This may sound daunting, but they will only submit to an owner that has gained their respect, which does not mean being unfair or harsh because they are too intelligent to tolerate any mistreatment and will respect fairness. If they accept their owner’s authority they will then become loyal, obedient, affectionate, devoted and trustworthy. Any training will then be easy and enjoyable, but as they have low boredom thresholds they need constant challenges and will expect to move onto learning something new once they know a command, rather than performing the same tricks over and over again. Also they will not follow commands from other family members unless specifically trained to do so. Unfortunately Beaucerons will hardly tolerate other dogs or pets and will either be aloof around children or affectionate. In either case, they will not tolerate being teased or roughly handles and so are not really suitable for children. As they are protective, they will most certainly be overly aggressive towards strangers coming near the family home.

History & Skills

Beaucerons originate from France, where they were bred as rustic herding and guard dogs. Also known as the Berger de Beauce, the Beauce Shepherd and the Bas Rouge, which means Red Stockings, they have also been used as police and military working dogs. Still relatively unknown outside of France, Beaucerons can easily kill wolves and these powerful dogs were used as war dogs in both World Wars.

Breed Specific Ailments

Beaucerons tend to live between 10-13 years and are a robust breed with no common health issues. Beaucerons have double dew claws on their hind legs that enable better movement over soft ground, and some owners decide to have these surgically removed as they say they can get tangled up in long grass.


Beaucerons are medium shedders and their short coat does not require too much attention. It should be brushed occasionally to remove any dead and loose hair, and bathed when necessary.

Exercise & Environment

Beaurecons prefer rural environments over urban ones, require a lot of exercise and also need to work. A short daily walk will not be enough for these dogs and they don't like being left alone for long periods. If not used as working dogs they need to be walked for relatively long periods of time every day to burn off excess energy. Any off lead exercise needs to be in secure or wide open rural spaces, and note they will herd anything that moves unless trained to refrain from this activity.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

Breed Clubs

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Owners Gallery

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