American Eskimo Dog


A small to medium sized American Eskimo Dog
American Eskimo Quick Summary
Also Known AsEskie
Height (at withers)Varies
Hair Colour(s)White, cream
Lifespan13-15 years
Energy LevelMedium
Litter size5
Barking TendencyHigh
Exercise requirementsHigh
Ease of trainingMedium
Suitability for kidsLow
Animal compatabilityLow
Aggression levelsMedium
Distress if left Medium

The American Eskimo Dog is available in three sizes: toy (small), miniature (small) and standard (small-medium). The toy is roughly 9-12 inches (23-30cm) tall and weighs between 6-10lbs (3-4.5kg); the miniature is roughly 12-15 inches (30-38cm) tall and weighs between 10-20lbs (4.5-9kg); and the standard is roughly 15-19 inches (38-48cm) tall and weighs between 25-35lbs (11-16kg).

A member of the Spitz family, the Eskie has a wedge-shaped head, a perfectly proportioned muzzle and skull, and erect triangular ears that compliment their alert expression. The shape of their eyes and mouth can give the impression they are smiling. Their thick, harsh topcoat grows up and through a soft undercoat, which creates a ruffed appearance that is more prominent around the neck. The colouring tends to be white or cream, or white with cream markings.


American Eskimo Dogs are playful, loving, couragous and energetic, although this can calm with age. These dogs crave companionship and play, and have plenty of spirit and curiosity. They are intelligent and learn quickly, meaning they should be fine when it comes to training, but can also be very independent and strong willed. As a result they are rather good at problem solving and performing tricks, but can become bored easily if not kept entertained, which can lead to destructive behavior. They are also very obedient, and consistently get high rankings in obedience trials. The American Eskimo Dog loves to bark and dig, and so may not be the best choice for those looking for a peaceful lifestyle, although they are well suited to inexperienced dog owners as well as more experienced ones. Eskies tend to be suitable for older, more considerate children, and should be fine with other dogs and pets. However, care is needed as they can be predatory around smaller animals (such as birds and rodents) and can display jealousy when other animals are given attention. These alert and sensitive dogs make good watchdogs, and their fiercely loyal and protective nature sometimes means they will refuse to allow a guest to enter a home without their ownerís signal of approval. Some Eskies have a nervous streak, and can become wary of strangers. This trait becomes worse if they are maltreated as puppies, so use firm but gentle training methods.

History & Skills

Once known as the American Spitz, American Eskimo Dogs originate from the USA, although they are thought to have come originally from German Spitz dogs that came to the USA with German immigrants in the 1600s. Despite the name, they were never used by the American Eskimos; this term may have been derived from the name of the kennel that first introduced the breed to the country. As their mix of intelligence, obedience, playfulness and charm make them good at performing tricks, they featured in the Barnum and Bailey Circus (who also helped spread the breed). Today they continue to be favorites as performance dogs, and often do well in dog shows. Their keen sense of smell has also made them candidates for training for drug detection.

Breed Specific Ailments

American Eskimo Dogs tend to live between 13-15 years. Eskies are a relatively healthy breed but some of the health problems associated with the breed include seizures, luxating patella, diabetes, and epilepsy. Also, American Eskimo Dogs with blue eyes can have a tendency towards deafness. Extra care should be taken regarding their eyes and tear ducts, and good grooming should be maintained to prevent skin dermatitis.


Brushing twice a week should suffice When it comes to grooming, with a bath around once a month. These dogs can be heavy shedders at certain times of the year, where brushing should be incraeaed to daily, and so are not best suited to those with allergies.

Exercise & Environment

American Eskimo Dogs tend to live indoors but are very active and so need daily walks and plenty of room to play.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

Breed Clubs

Coming soon!

Owners Gallery

Pretty empy right now. If you would like to see you dog here please email a photo to BFD Photos along with your name, your dog's name & age, breed and rough location (please keep image file sizes reasonable!).