Afghan Hound


A medium to large sized Afghan Hound
Afghan Hound Quick Summary
Also Known AsKing of Dogs
Height (at withers)27-29in (68-74cm)
Weight55-70lbs (25-32kg)
Hair Colour(s)Wide variety
Lifespan10-12 years
Energy LevelModerate
Litter size1-15
Barking TendencyMild
Exercise requirementsHigh
Ease of trainingLow
Suitability for kidsLow
Animal compatabilityMedium
Aggression levelsMedium
Distress if leftHigh

The Afghan Hound is a tall and willowy dog with an elongated head, a convex muzzle (giving the appearance of a Roman nose), almond shaped eyes and a curled tail. It has a long silky coat that comes in most colours, with the face and ears usually a deeper shade, and a silky topknot. The Afghan has a regal and dignified appearance that gave rise to its nickname of a king of dogs.


Afghan Hounds are lively dogs that can have very individual personalities - some can be boisterous while others can be quite reserved. They are best suited to experienced dog owners and require gentle handling during training, otherwise they can become stubborn and defiant, which can make them difficult to housebreak. However, Afghans are intelligent, and when they become obedient they can be taught many tricks. They are wary of strangers but affectionate towards owners, and as they are sensitive, they do not like to be left alone for long periods. If neglected they can become bored, destructive and even depressed, and they can become withdrawn without proper socialisation (which should be carried out at an early age). They can be fussy with their food and need plenty of attention to instill confidence and reduce boredom. They make good watchdogs and will bark to raise the alarm. They need a fair amount of exercise, and being fast and agile dogs and very adept at jumping, they should be kept in a secure area when not on a leash. A well socialized Afghan should get on okay with other dogs but may chase smaller animals, and they are not recommended for families with young children.

History & Skills

This is one of the oldest known breeds in existence, with a history dating back thousands of years. As the name suggests, the Afghan Hound originates from Afghanistan. A member of the Greyhound family, it was bred as a hunting dog by the Afghan tribes of the Sanai and Egyptian deserts. Its great speed and agility, provided in part by its long legs and pivotal hip joints, made it ideal for catching gazelles, deer and even leopards. It was also used for guarding sheep and cattle. Today this breed is often showcased in agility events and sports, and with proper training, it makes a popular therapy dog for hospital and care home visits.

Breed Specific Ailments

Afghan Hounds tend to live between 10-12 years, and some of the health concerns noted include hip dysplasia, juvenila cataracts, hypothyroidism and enzyme deficiencies. Older dogs may also be prone to cancer.


Afghan Hounds are medium shedders and so may not be suited to those with allergies. The long silky and luxurious coat can take some effort to maintain. It should be brushed most days to avoid matts and tangles, especially in adult dogs where the coat becomes longer and thicker, and a weekly bath is required, which will inlcude brushing also. The bottom area will need trimming occassionaly for hygiene reasons and the coat itself may need trimming every few months.

Exercise & Environment

Afghan Hounds need at least 30 minutes of freedom to run about each day, say in a large secure yard or garden, and a long daily walk.


FCIFCI - Federation Cynologique Internationale
KCThe Kennel Club (UK)
AKCAKC - American Kennel Club

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